Darity serves as director of the Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality at Duke University, and at UNC at Chapel Hill he is a fellow with the Carolina Population Center. He has published more than 200 articles in professional journals spanning the fields of economics, public health, sociology, history, literary criticism, and anthropology. He has also authored or edited 10 books, including lead editorship of the most recent edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (2008). His current research in population studies includes ongoing work on the role of physical appearance — particularly skin shade — on life outcomes ranging from employment to marriage to social disconnectedness to health and wellness, the social determinants of racial differences in the incidence of hypertension, schooling, oppositionality and the racial achievement gap, and post-traumatic stress disorder as a group-based or collective phenomenon. The springboard for the research on skin shade effects was a grant received from the National Science Foundation through the Carolina Population Center.